Top Paying Nurse Practitioner Specialties – Someone who needs medical attention, whether it’s visiting a wellness center or dealing with a specific medical problem, is more likely to go to a Nurse Practitioner (NP). The American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) reports that millions of patients choose NP for their medical needs each year, representing over 1 billion visits per year.
Registered nurses and nursing students who are interested in pursuing a career as a nurse practitioner will find that the outlook for the many types of nurse practitioners who cater to their patients’ acute and primary care needs is bright. Demand for NPs specializing in family care, emergency adult gerontology, women’s health and many other areas is projected to remain above average in the coming years.
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This guide provides potential IRs with a summary of responsibilities, job prospects, and typical salaries for the following jobs.
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Nurse practitioners are also known as Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs). They received a bachelor’s degree in their advanced nursing specialty. United States As the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) explains, they must pass a national certification exam, obtain an RN license in their state, and an APRN license in their state.
What do nurse practitioners do? United States The MedlinePlus National Library of Medicine describes the services typically provided by NP:
As the AANP explains, NPs provide primary and specialized care that combines the scientific process, state-of-the-art data, and recognized standards in a holistic, professional manner. The care process consists of several stages:
NPs use diagnostic reasoning to make diagnoses, including analysis of data collected during a patient’s examination and medical history. The differential diagnosis is developed by combining the results of diagnostic tests with the history and physical examination to distinguish two or more conditions with similar symptoms. The diagnosis of NP serves as the basis for a comprehensive treatment plan for the patient.
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The patient’s treatment plan is developed and implemented in collaboration with the patient’s family. The plan must be evidence-based, acceptable to all parties, economical, and designed to promote health or facilitate decision making at the end of life. To create a treatment plan for NP:
An integral part of the patient’s treatment plan is to organize any necessary consultations and referrals based on medical history, diagnostic results and standards of professional care. Referrals made in collaboration with the patient and family are a key part of implementing the treatment plan.
The interventions included in the plan should take into account the patient as an individual, including individual preferences and abilities. They should be evidence-based and draw on the theoretical and clinical experience of the NP. The NP should also use every opportunity to educate the patient about healthy lifestyles.
Another component of a patient’s treatment plan is the administration of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. According to the AANP, NPs are now eligible to prescribe drugs in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. However, some states restrict IRs’ ability to write prescriptions by requiring them to cooperate with a physician.
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In its statement of prescriptive authority, the AANP states that NPs are required to “provide prescription and controlled medicines, devices, medical services, durable medical equipment, and other equipment and supplies in a timely manner, at minimal cost, and in quality.” way. healthcare.”
As of May 2019, the BLS estimated that there were 200,600 IRs working in the US with an average annual salary of $111,840 and an average annual salary of $109,820. Below are some facts and figures about NP compiled by: AANP:
The AANP notes that NPs are more likely than physicians or physician assistants to practice in primary care settings. While almost 90% of NPs completed primary health care training in 2019, only 8% of physicians entered primary care residency. Currently, 69% of NPs provide primary care services to their patients, according to the AANP NP Fact Sheet.
The American Medical Association Advocacy Resource Center lists the powers of NPs in each state, including whether physician involvement is required, whether they are authorized to prescribe Schedule II and III-V controlled substances, and whether the state creates additional educational requirements.
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Many states require IRs to complete specific hours studying pharmacology, advanced pharmacology, and/or clinical management of drug therapy. Some also have requirements for continuing education in pharmacology, often if the IR has not practiced for a number of years.
According to the 2019 AANP National Sample Survey, IRs spend an average of 10 years in training. (Please note that study results are available for purchase by non-AANP members.) Highest percentage of NPs certified in one or more primary care specialties:
The American Psychiatric Nurses Association (APNA) explains that the need for mental health professionals has never been greater: A study by the US Department of Health and Human Services found that only 44% of diagnosed adults in the US have a treatable mental disorder. disease. treatment, and only 20% of children and adolescents receive the necessary treatment for mental disorders.
United States A 2019 report released by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration estimated that 47.6 million people over the age of 18 in the United States had a mental illness in 2018, representing 19.1% of all adults in the country . Mental Health Nurse Practitioners (PMHNPs) play a key role in meeting critical needs for mental health services.
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APNA reports that 75% of all US counties are short of mental health workers and 96% have an unmet need for mental health professionals. The shortage of mental health professionals is most acute in rural areas and among members of racial, cultural and ethnic minorities. According to the APNA, the need is exacerbated by the stigma that many minorities associate with seeking mental health care.
Data collected by PayScale shows that more than half of PMHNPs are just starting or are at the beginning of their careers:
Family Nurse Practitioners treat patients of all ages and provide primary care as well as acute and chronic care. According to the AANP, much of their work is related to educating patients about healthy lifestyles to prevent serious diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease.
FHNs work in a variety of healthcare settings, including private clinics, community clinics, hospitals, and universities. A recent survey of family physicians by the AANP found that they see an average of 18 patients full-time, mainly in three clinical areas: primary care, acute care, and internal medicine.
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Demand for family physicians is expected to rise in large part due to a shortage of primary care physicians: The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) predicts that the number will reach 122,000 physicians by 2032.
Found that while the proportion of primary care physicians decreased to 8% in 2018, the number of NPs involved in family medicine, internal medicine and other primary care categories increased to 84%.
According to PayScale, the most popular skills for family doctors are family practice, family practice/pediatrics, and internal medicine.
As the AANP explains, Adult Gerontology Emergency Nurse Practitioners (AGACNP) are primarily concerned with the management of complex acute conditions in the elderly and older patients.
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The aging of the population increases the demand for services offered by emergency gerontology NPs for adults. However, as the gypsy nurse points out, AGACNP treat teenagers, young adults and middle-aged adults, as well as the elderly.
According to Pascal, the two most in-demand skills for NP adult gerontologists are geriatrics and diagnosis and treatment planning. Other popular skills include internal medicine, wound care, and nursing.
Healthcare professionals who perform best in a rapidly changing environment are well suited to a career as an Emergency Nurse Practitioner. As the AANP explains, the work of the NP in the ambulance includes treating trauma, injury, and advanced disease in patients of all ages.
The shortage of physicians in rural areas has increased the demand for emergency physicians to meet the critical care needs of residents living away from medical centers clustered in urban areas. The quality of care provided by emergency physicians is comparable to the quality provided by emergency physicians. For example,
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Reported that the care provided by ERs to patients with intractable chest pain was as effective as the “standard care model” in terms of service rates and patient-reported outcomes.
According to Pascal, the most in-demand skills for EMTs are emergency care and geriatrics. Other popular specialties include internal medicine and cardiology.
Pediatric Nurse Practitioners specialize in the care of newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults for a range of acute pediatric illnesses and chronic conditions. The AANP states that pediatric NPs place an emphasis on good child care and chronic disease management and prevention.
The National Association of Pediatric Nurses reports that pediatric NPs are urgently needed to address the acute shortage of pediatric primary care providers, which particularly affects underserved and rural areas. The number of children in the US is projected to increase from 74 million in 2016 to 76.3 million in 2030, yet less than 8% of nurse practitioners choose to specialize in pediatrics.
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While pediatrics is by far the most popular skill for pediatric doctors, they are also in demand for patient education, emergency care, family
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